5 Tips for a Healthy Lawn
1. Water your lawn between 3 and 4 times per week for a couple hours each time; early morning is the best time to water the lawn since the air is cooler and there's usually not much wind to blow the droplets. In the middle of the day, water tends to evaporate quickly. And in the evenings, water can cling to the blades of grass overnight, which can lead to lawn diseases including fungus issues
2. Cut your lawn to the proper height. How low should you cut your lawn? The general rule of thumb for determining what the grass height should be on your lawn, will depend on the season. An optimal height for a cool-season grass (Spring & Fall) is typically about 2 1/2 inches. Summer cutting should be higher, at about 3 to 3 1/2 inches, to avoid burning the lawn. At each mowing, you should only be removing only about the top 1/3 of the grass blade. Therefore, the best time to cut the lawn is when your grass reaches about 3 2/3 inches high.
3. Fertilize your lawn 3 - 4 times a year. Typically the best time to fertilize is Early Spring, Late Spring, Early Fall and Late Fall. Avoid fertilizing in the Summer as it may encourage the growth of weeds and lead to burning. The best type of fertilizer to use is called a slow-release fertilizer, which will break down its nutrients over a longer period of time, so you can wait longer between applications. Avoid using an unbalanced fertilizer, such as one with excess nitrogen or not enough potassium as this may lead to issues such as burning and excessive weed growth. A great example of a well-balanced fertilizer for Spring is 25 - 5 - 10, which contains 25% Nitrogen, 5% Phosphorus and 10% Potassium - a perfect blend that is formulated to effectively enhance the appearance of your lawn for that specific season, without causing unnecessary damage
4. Overseed your lawn. Overseeding your lawn every season is crucial in encouraging the growth of new grass, which aids in replenishing lost and/or dead grass blades over the winter. For the GTA, you typically want to pick a blend of Kentucky Bluegrass, Red Fescue and Perennial Ryegrass when overseeding. The most effective way to overseed is usually combined with top dressing as this improves the seeds' germination rate, since the seed is mixed with the necessary nutrients and microorganisms that it needs to thrive.
5. Aerate your lawn once a season. Lawn aeration remains one of the most cost-effective services for healthy, green grass. Aeration relieves compacted soil caused from our harsh Canadian winters to allow maximum water absorption into your lawn's root system. This promotes thicker roots, and in turn a more thicker, luscious lawn. It also helps to significantly reduce the layer of thatch, which is most prominent early on in the Spring. Finally, the return of both fertilizer and seed applications are maximized due to either of these reaching the roots directly. The best times to aerate are in the cool and rainy seasons of Spring & Fall
Now that you know the Top 5 most effective tips for a beautiful lawn, you are one step closer to getting just that! So what are you waiting for? Go get started!